Communications Security Establishment
5 December 2017
© Government of Canada
This document is the property of the Government of Canada. It shall not be altered, distributed beyond its intended audience, produced, reproduced or published, in whole or in any substantial part thereof, without the express permission of CSE.
This certification report is an UNCLASSIFIED publication, issued under the authority of the Chief, Communications Security Establishment (CSE). Suggestions for amendments should be forwarded through departmental communications security channels to your Client Services Representative at CSE.
The Information Technology (IT) product identified in this certification report, and its associated certificate, has been evaluated at an approved evaluation facility – established under the Canadian Common Criteria Scheme – using the Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4, for conformance to the Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4. This certification report, and its associated certificate, applies only to the identified version and release of the product in its evaluated configuration. The evaluation has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Canadian CC Scheme, and the conclusions of the evaluation facility in the evaluation report are consistent with the evidence adduced. This report, and its associated certificate, are not an endorsement of the IT product by the Communications Security Establishment, or any other organization that recognizes or gives effect to this report, and its associated certificate, and no warranty for the IT product by the Communications Security Establishment, or any other organization that recognizes or gives effect to this report, and its associated certificate, is either expressed or implied.
If your department has identified a requirement for this certification report based on business needs and would like more detailed information, please contact:
ITS Client Services
Telephone: (613) 991-7654
The Canadian Common Criteria Scheme provides a third-party evaluation service for determining the trustworthiness of Information Technology (IT) security products. Evaluations are performed by a commercial Common Criteria Evaluation Facility (CCEF) under the oversight of the Certification Body, which is managed by the Communications Security Establishment.
A CCEF is a commercial facility that has been approved by the Certification Body to perform Common Criteria evaluations; a significant requirement for such approval is accreditation to the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025:2005, the General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories.
By awarding a Common Criteria certificate, the Certification Body asserts that the product complies with the security requirements specified in the associated security target. A security target is a requirements specification document that defines the scope of the evaluation activities. The consumer of certified IT products should review the security target, in addition to this certification report, in order to gain an understanding of any assumptions made during the evaluation, the IT product's intended environment, the evaluated security functionality, and the testing and analysis conducted by the CCEF.
The certification report, certificate of product evaluation and security target are posted to the Certified Products list (CPL) for the Canadian CC Scheme and to the Common Criteria portal (the official website of the International Common Criteria Project).
Table of Contents
- Executive Summary
- 1 Identification of Target of Evaluation
- 2 Security Policy
- 3 Assumptions and Clarifications of Scope
- 4 Evaluated Configuration
- 5 Evaluation Analysis Activities
- 6 Testing Activities
- 7 Results of the Evaluation
- 8 Supporting Content
List of Figures
List of Tables
Fortinet FortiWeb 5.6 (hereafter referred to as the Target of Evaluation, or TOE), from Fortinet Inc., was the subject of this Common Criteria evaluation. A description of the TOE can be found in Section 1.2. The results of this evaluation demonstrate that TOE meets the requirements of the conformance claim listed in Table 1 for the evaluated security functionality.
EWA-Canada is the CCEF that conducted the evaluation. This evaluation was completed 5 December 2017 and was carried out in accordance with the rules of the Canadian Common Criteria Scheme.
The scope of the evaluation is defined by the security target, which identifies assumptions made during the evaluation, the intended environment for TOE, and the security functional/assurance requirements. Consumers are advised to verify that their operating environment is consistent with that specified in the security target, and to give due consideration to the comments, observations and recommendations in this certification report.
Communications Security Establishment, as the Certification Body, declares that the TOE evaluation meets all the conditions of the Arrangement on the Recognition of Common Criteria Certificates and that the product will be listed on the Canadian Certified Products list (CPL) and the Common Criteria portal (the official website of the International Common Criteria Project).
1 Identification of Target of Evaluation
The Target of Evaluation (TOE) is identified as follows:
Table 1 TOE Identification
|TOE Name and Version||Fortinet FortiWeb 5.6|
collaborative Protection Profile for Network Devices Version 1.0
1.1 Common Criteria Conformance
The evaluation was conducted using the Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4, for conformance to the Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4.
1.2 TOE Description
The TOE is a network device that protects web-based applications and internet-facing data from attack and security breaches. Using advanced techniques, the TOE provides bidirectional protection against malicious sources, denial of service attacks and sophisticated threats such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, buffer overflows, file inclusion, and cookie poisoning.
1.3 TOE Architecture
A diagram of the TOE architecture is as follows:
Figure 1 TOE Architecture
The displayed diagram provides a visual representation of the TOE architecture. Details can be found in the Security Target referenced in Section 8.2.
2 Security Policy
The TOE implements policies pertaining to the following security functional classes:
- Security Audit
- Cryptographic Support
- Identification and Authentication
- Security Management
- Protection of the TSF
- TOE Access
- Trusted Path/Channel
Complete details of the security functional requirements (SFRs) can be found in the Security Target (ST) referenced in section 8.2.
2.1 Cryptographic Functionality
The following Government of Canada approved cryptographic algorithms were evaluated by the CAVP and used by the TOE:
Table 2 Cryptographic Algorithm(s)
|Cryptographic Algorithm||Standard||Certificate Number|
|Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)||FIPS 197||#4461|
|Rivest Shamir Adleman (RSA)||FIPS 186-4||#2437|
|Secure Hash Algorithm (SHS)||FIPS 180-3||#3673|
|Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC)||FIPS 198||#2960|
|Deterministic Random Bit Generation (DRBG)||SP 800-90A||#1434|
|Key Agreement Scheme||SP 800-56A||#1330|
|Component Validation List||SP 800-56A||#1169|
3 Assumptions and Clarifications of Scope
Consumers of the TOE should consider assumptions about usage and environmental settings as requirements for the product’s installation and its operating environment. This will ensure the proper and secure operation of the TOE.
3.1 Usage and Environmental Assumptions
The following assumptions are made regarding the use and deployment of the TOE:
- There are no general-purpose computing capabilities (e.g., compilers or user applications) available on the TOE, other than those services necessary for the operation, administration and support of the TOE.
- Physical security, commensurate with the value of the TOE and the data it contains, is assumed to be provided by the environment.
- TOE Administrators are trusted to follow and apply all administrator guidance in a trusted manner.
- The network device is assumed to be physically protected in its operational environment and not subject to physical attacks that compromise the security and/or interfere with the device’s physical interconnections and correct operation. This protection is assumed to be sufficient to protect the device and the data it contains.
- The device is to provide networking functionality as its core function and not provide functionality/services that could be deemed as general purpose computing.
- A standard/generic network device does not provide any assurance regarding the protection of traffic that traverses it. The intent is for the network device to protect data that originates on or is destined to the device itself, to include administrative data and audit data.
- The Security Administrator(s) for the network device are trusted and act in the best interest of security for the organization. This includes being appropriately trained, following policy, and adhering to guidance documentation. Administrators are trusted to ensure passwords/credentials have sufficient strength and entropy and to lack malicious intent when administering the device.
- The network device firmware and software are updated by an administrator on a regular basis in response to the release of product updates due to known vulnerabilities.
- The administrator’s credentials (private key) used to access the network device are protected by the platform on which they reside.
3.2 Clarification of Scope
- The TOE incorporates CAVP-validated cryptography and was not subjected to CMVP (FIPS-140) validation.
- The scope of the evaluation is limited to the secure management functionality of the TOE and does not cover the web application firewall functionality.
- SSH, SNMP, Telnet and HTTP are not to be selected for administrative access.
4 Evaluated Configuration
The evaluated configuration for the TOE comprises:
- The TOE firmware (FortiWeb 5.6 build 6180) running in “FIPS-CC Mode” on one of the following platforms;
- FortiWeb 3000E
- With the Fortinet Entropy token
- FortiWeb 4000E
- With the Fortinet Entropy token
- FortiWeb 3000E
- With the following support from the operational environment;
- LDAP Server
- FortiAnalyzer (as an audit server)
The following documents are provided to the consumer to assist in the configuration and installation of the TOE:
- FortiWeb Administration Guide, Version 5.6, Feb 9, 2017
- Common Criteria Compliant Operation for FortiWeb 5.6, November 9, 2017
- FortiWeb CLI Reference, Version 5.6, September 23, 2016
- Fortiweb Log Reference, Version 5.5.1, April 6, 2016
- FortiWeb 3000E QuickStart Guide, 3rd Edition, December 22, 2016
- FortiWeb 4000E QuickStart Guide, 3rd Edition, December 22, 2016
5 Evaluation Analysis Activities
The evaluation analysis activities involved a structured evaluation of the TOE. Documentation and process dealing with Development, Guidance Documents, and Life-Cycle Support were evaluated.
The evaluators analyzed the documentation provided by the vendor; they determined that the design completely and accurately describes the TOE security functionality (TSF) interfaces and how the TSF implements the security functional requirements (SFRs). The evaluators determined that the initialization process is secure, that the security functions are protected against tamper and bypass, and that security domains are maintained.
5.2 Guidance Documents
The evaluators examined the TOE preparative user guidance and operational user guidance and determined that it sufficiently and unambiguously describes how to securely transform the TOE into its evaluated configuration and how to use and administer the product. The evaluators examined and tested the preparative and operational guidance, and determined that they are complete and sufficiently detailed to result in a secure configuration.
Section 4.1 provides details on the guidance documents.
5.3 Life-Cycle Support
An analysis of the TOE configuration management system and associated documentation was performed. The evaluators found that the TOE configuration items were clearly marked.
The evaluators examined the delivery documentation and determined that it described all of the procedures required to maintain the integrity of the TOE during distribution to the consumer.
6 Testing Activities
Testing consists of the following three steps: assessing developer tests, performing independent functional tests, and performing penetration tests.
6.1 Assessment of Developer Tests
The evaluators verified that the developer has met their testing responsibilities by examining their test evidence, and reviewing their test results, as documented in the ETR. The correspondence between the tests identified in the developer’s test documentation and the functional specification was complete.
6.2 Conduct of Testing
The TOE was subjected to a comprehensive suite of formally documented, independent functional and penetration tests. The detailed testing activities, including configurations, procedures, test cases, expected results and observed results are documented in a separate Test Results document.
6.3 Independent Functional Testing
During this evaluation, the evaluator developed independent functional tests by examining design and guidance documentation.
All testing was planned and documented to a sufficient level of detail to allow repeatability of the testing procedures and results. The following testing activities were performed:
- PP Assurance Activities: The evaluator performed the assurance activities listed in the claimed PP;
- Verification of the cryptographic implementation: The evaluator verified the presence of the CAVP approved cryptographic implementation in the TOE.
6.3.1 Functional Test Results
The developer’s tests and the independent functional tests yielded the expected results, providing assurance that the TOE behaves as specified in its ST and functional specification.
6.4 Independent Penetration Testing
Subsequent to the independent review of public domain vulnerability databases and all evaluation deliverables, limited independent evaluator penetration testing was conducted. The penetration tests focused on:
- Use of automated vulnerability scanning tools to discover potential network, platform and application layer vulnerabilities such as Heartbleed, Shellshock, FREAK, POODLE, and GHOST; and
- Fuzz Testing: The evaluator conducted fuzz testing using unexpected inputs and malformed packets on the TOE interfaces.
6.4.1 Penetration Test Results
The independent penetration testing did not uncover any exploitable vulnerabilities in the intended operating environment.
7 Results of the Evaluation
This evaluation has provided the basis for the conformance claim documented in Table 1. The overall verdict for the evaluation is PASS. These results are supported by evidence in the ETR.
The IT product identified in this report has been evaluated at an approved evaluation facility established under the Canadian Common Criteria Scheme using the Common Methodology for IT Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4, for conformance to the Common Criteria for IT Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4. These evaluation results apply only to the specific version and release of the product in its evaluated configuration and in conjunction with the complete certification report.
The evaluation has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Canadian Common Criteria Scheme and the conclusions of the evaluation facility in the evaluation report are consistent with the evidence adduced. This is not an endorsement of the IT product by CSE or by any other organization that recognizes or gives effect to this certificate, and no warranty of the IT product by CSE or by any other organization that recognizes or gives effect to this certificate, is expressed or implied.
It is recommended that all guidance outlined in Section 4.1 be followed to configure the TOE in the evaluated configuration.
8 Supporting Content
8.1 List of Abbreviations
- Cryptographic Algorithm Validation Program
- Common Criteria Evaluation Facility
- Configuration Management
- Cryptographic Module Validation Program
- Communications Security Establishment
- Evaluation Assurance Level
- Evaluation Technical Report
- Government of Canada
- Information Technology
- Information Technology Security
- Protection Profile
- Security Functional Requirement
- Security Target
- Target of Evaluation
- TOE Security Function
|Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation, Version 3.1 Revision 4, September 2012.|
|Common Methodology for Information Technology Security Evaluation, CEM, Version 3.1 Revision 4, September 2012.|
|Security Target for Fortinet Fortiweb 5.6, v1.10, 28 November 2017|
|Evaluation Technical Report for Fortinet FortiWeb 5.6, v0.4, 5 December 2017|
|Assurance Activity Report for Fortinet Fortiweb 5.6, v1.2, 5 December 2017|