Cyber Threats To Canada's Democratic Process


In this assessment we identified how key aspects of the democratic process (i.e. elections, political parties and politicians, and the media) are vulnerable to cyber threat activity and related influence operations. We described the different types of adversaries that could use these cyber capabilities, and we assessed how the cyber threats to Canada’s democratic process are likely to evolve.

In a general sense, many of the cyber threats that we discussed can be mitigated through cybersecurity, physical security, and business-continuity best practices. However, cyber threats and influence operations are often successful because they take advantage of deeply rooted human behaviours and social patterns, and not merely technological vulnerabilities. Defending Canada’s democratic process against cyber threats and related influence operations requires addressing both the technical and social elements of the problem.

Further Reading

For more information about mitigating cyber threats see: